Science Curriculum


Our science program provides a learning environment that emphasizes scientific inquiry, technological literacy, environmental awareness and critical thinking.  In their science classes, students develop necessary skills such as observation, measurement, hypothesis-formation, research and report-writing (expository writing) – skills that will serve them well throughout their educational careers and their adult lives. We want our students to ask questions, and enjoy learning about how things work in our world.  Over the next three years, St. Francis Solano School will be rolling out Next Generation Science curriculum.

The following topics are emphasized in each grade:


Kindergarten Science is such a time of discovery. We take the skills the children have learned up until now and give it a name. When a child is studying a bug, we use words like observation; when a Kinders are drawing what they see, we call this documenting. We use this vocabulary to study information on the 5 Senses, life cycle, living and non-living things. Science is a fun subject where we see the Kinders flourish.

1st Grade

We focus on Life, Earth, and Physical Sciences beginning the year with a study of plants and animals.  We move on to study nutrition and good health habits.  We study the seasons,  weather, observation and measurement.  We conclude the year with  the study of solids, liquids, and gases.

2nd Grade

We use FOSS kits to learn about Pebbles, Sand and Silt as well as Balance and Motion

3rd Grade

Our Science consists of FOSS kits; “Ideas and Inventions”, “Physics of Sound”, and “Structures of Life”. All activities are ‘hands on’ and are aimed at small group instruction.

4th Grade

The emphasis is on human body, earth materials and electricity. Students do reports and presentations on insects, mammals and minerals.

5th Grade

5th grade students study human body systems – such as the circulatory system, the pulmonary system and the digestive system.  Weather, extreme climatic events and states of matter are also a part of the 5th-grade curriculum.

6th Grade

6th Graders learn about Earth Science with our Upper Division Science instructor, Mrs. Perkins.  This year, they experience their first Science Fair project, in which they research topics, develop a timeline, perform research and create a presentation that is anonymously judged in competition for an opportunity to compete in local science fairs.

7th Grade

Life Science is the focus for 7th Grade.

8th Grade

Physical Science